Corn snake pets Care: A Complete Guide to Caring for Pet Corn Snakes

Corn snake pets are popular reptile companions known for their vibrant colours and docile nature. These non-venomous snakes, native to North America, make excellent pets for enthusiasts due to their manageable size and ease of care.

Having their roots in a family tree steeped in tradition, these captivating reptiles boast a variety of belly scales, showcasing patterns ranging from black and brown to vibrant shades of orange and red. As prospective pet owners, one must consider the commitment to caring for these incredible creatures.

Corn snake pet

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Care for corn snakes extends beyond their physical well-being; it is a commitment to understanding their unique species and choosing the appropriate environment for their development. Corn snakes’ diverse patterns and colours, ranging from white to yellow, captivate reptile enthusiasts and snake hobbyists.

The wide array of choices within the species, from traditional patterns to trendy colour morphs, makes them a fascinating pet option. Known for their docile nature, corn snakes have gained popularity, bringing joy to novice and experienced pet owners alike.

Overview of Corn Snake Pets

Common name: Wheat snake

Size: 3-6 ft. in length

Lifespan: The average captive lifespan is 20 years, while the wild lifespan is only 6-8 years.

Behaviour and temperament of corn snake

Corn snake pets

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Corn snakes, often celebrated for their captivating characteristics and vibrant patterns, exhibit a unique blend of behaviour that sets them apart. From hatchlings to adults, these reptiles showcase a docile temperament, making them a suitable choice, especially for families with children.

Combined with their manageable size and distinctive markings, corn snakes stand out among other species. When exploring the factors influencing their behaviour, it’s crucial to consider the acceptance of new environments and the responses these creatures might display.

One notable fact is that corn snakes communicate through subtle cues, often involving their eyes and tails. Understanding these aspects is critical to fostering a positive relationship with these remarkable reptiles.

Size of corn snake pets

Corn snake pets

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The size of Corn snakes varies considerably as they progress through different stages of life. These serpents typically measure six to eight inches long as hatchlings, showcasing their diminutive yet charming bodies.

Over time, as they reach maturity, their size expands, with most adults growing to a moderate length of three to four feet. Compared to their counterparts like the ball python, Corn snakes are relatively more minor, making them more manageable for pet owners.

Most Corn snakes fall within the range of three to four feet, a size that strikes a balance between their captivating presence and the practical considerations of pet care.


Corn snake pets

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Corn snakes don’t demand expansive enclosures but thrive with sufficient space for exploration and rest. Ideally, the terrarium size should meet at least the dimensions of a 20-gallon aquarium or measure 12 inches x 30 inches x 12 inches.

More giant corn snakes, however, will benefit from more spacious accommodations. A good rule of thumb is to ensure the enclosure is at least 2/3 of the snake’s length, if not larger. Including a secure lid and a heat light in your corn snake’s habitat is advisable.

Maintain temperatures between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit on the warm side, with the basking area reaching up to 88-90F.

What do corn snakes eat & drink?

Corn snake pets

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Corn snakes, from hatchlings to adults, are obligate carnivores, and understanding their dietary needs is crucial for their well-being. At a young age, these snakes primarily feed on smaller prey like pinkie mice, which provide essential nutrients for their growth.

As they grow, the size and frequency of their meals increase, with more giant mice and even rats becoming a potential part of their diet.

Offering access to water is vital, and a shallow bowl should be provided to ensure corn snakes remain adequately hydrated. For those wondering what corn snakes eat, the answer lies in a diet centred on mice, and other appropriately sized prey offered a few times a month.

Health problems of corn snake pets

Corn snake pets

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Maintaining the well-being of Corn snakes involves vigilance towards various health aspects. One of the primary concerns is the humidity levels within the enclosure, as imbalances can lead to shedding issues and skin infections.

Irritability or changes in behaviour may indicate underlying problems, and issues such as retained eye caps or eye cap problems must be addressed promptly. Ensuring the tank environment promotes proper shedding, providing items like sphagnum moss or paper towels to aid the process.

Hydration is critical; therefore, having a water bowl in the enclosure is essential. Injuries resulting from falls or rough handling are also potential health risks, underscoring the importance of creating an environment that caters to the snake’s safety.

Regular check-ups with a knowledgeable veterinarian can address emerging health problems and offer advice on maintaining the optimal conditions for a Corn snake to thrive.

Exercise of corn snake pet

Corn snake pets

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Ensuring proper exercise for Corn snakes is integral to their overall well-being. Creating an enriching environment becomes crucial in captivity, where enclosures may be confined. Introducing various surfaces and structures like branches within their habitat encourages natural behaviours and facilitates physical exercise.

To add mental stimulation, incorporating items such as toilet tubes, tissue boxes, or other objects can promote exploration and activity. Corn snakes, being reptiles, benefit from movements that mimic their instincts, and providing opportunities for them to move, climb, and explore contributes to their physical and mental health.

While ensuring they have access to an appropriate diet, incorporating engaging elements into their living space provides a well-rounded approach to promoting regular exercise for these captivating snakes.


Corn snake pets

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Shedding is a natural process for snakes, including corn snakes. Despite lacking fur, they undergo skin shedding, with adult corn snakes typically experiencing this phenomenon two to three times annually. Healthy shedding is characterized by the skin coming off in large pieces.

If it sheds in numerous small fragments or if your snake retains skin, it signals potential environmental issues, such as humidity or temperature imbalances, or it may indicate underlying health concerns for your snake. Monitoring the shedding process is essential for gauging the well-being of your corn snake.

Upkeep costs

Maintaining Corn Snakes is a cost-effective endeavour. Beyond the initial expenses for the enclosure, accessories, and lighting, the ongoing costs primarily revolve around their diet.

Weekly or bi-weekly meals of mice only amount to a few dollars. Routine bedding changes and replacement of heat lights, as needed, are additional considerations.

On average, anticipate spending around $30 monthly on essential items such as food, bedding, and heat lights, making Corn Snake Care an affordable commitment.

Pros and cons of keeping a corn snake as a pet

When considering Corn snakes as pets, their docile nature and ease of handling make them an attractive choice. They are readily available for purchase, known for their quiet demeanour, and their enclosures are space-efficient.

On the flip side, they necessitate a diet of small rodents and boast a considerable lifespan, living over 20 years. Thus, potential owners should know that keeping a Corn snake entails a long-term commitment.

Adopting your cornsnake

Corn snake pets

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Adopting your Corn snake involves various considerations, including cost and the source of acquisition. Prices range from $40 to $150, and options abound for finding the right snake.

Whether you buy from a breeder, attend a reptile expo, explore pet stores, or even connect with reptile rescue groups, the diversity of choices allows for a personalized selection. Beyond the financial investment, choosing a snake that aligns with your preferences, be it a specific colour morph, pattern, or other unique characteristics, is essential.

Regardless of where you decide to adopt, the key is to make an informed choice that matches your desires and ensures a happy and healthy life for your new Corn snake companion.

Reproduction and Breeding

Corn snake pets

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The process of reproduction in corn snakes requires careful consideration of several factors. Female corn snakes typically reach reproductive maturity between three and five, with males reaching maturity a bit earlier.

The optimal age for breeding is around two to five years. A successful mating, signalled by the intertwining of snakes, may result in a clutch of eggs being laid. The female may lay anywhere from 10 to 30 eggs, with the number influenced by various factors, including the health and age of the snake.

The enclosure is crucial in breeding corn snakes, requiring meticulous temperature management. Creating a conducive environment with materials like vermiculite or moss for egg-laying is vital. Breeder expertise in mating intricacies, egg-laying, and temperature control is essential for successful and healthy corn snake reproduction.


What is the ideal enclosure size for a corn snake pet?

Corn snakes don’t demand extensive space; a 20-gallon aquarium or an enclosure measuring around 12 inches x 30 inches x 12 inches is generally sufficient. More giant snakes may require more space.

How often should I feed my corn snake, and what is their diet?

Younger Corn snakes may need to be fed every 5-7 days, while adults can be fed every 10-14 days. Their diet primarily consists of appropriately sized prey, such as mice and rats.

What are common health issues to watch for in corn snakes?

Key health concerns include shedding issues, retained eye caps, and skin infections. Maintaining humidity and temperature and seeking veterinary care can help prevent and address these issues.


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