Top 11 Spaniel Breeds Ideal for Your Home

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Last Updated on March 14, 2024 by Aftab Tariq

Spaniel breeds are dogs with long ears and kind eyes, often seen in golden brown colour. But that’s just from movies and stories. In reality, spaniels are much more diverse. Roger Caras (photographer and writer) says.

“Dogs are not our whole life, but they make our lives whole.” 


Spaniel breeds

Originally, people used Spaniel breeds for hunting. Some think they came from Spain, while others say they came from Asia and then moved to Europe. Spaniels have been around since the fourteenth century, maybe even longer.

At first, they were hunting dogs. But as time passed, they became more than that. They started joining humans in different activities. Some became famous at dog shows, some helped with hunting, and some just became beloved pets.

Today, spaniel dogs are loved for being great companions. Among them, the long-haired cocker spaniel is one of the most popular breeds in the world.

Types Of Spaniels Breeds

There are over different Spaniel breeds of dogs, and while they are all loving dogs, each one has distinct features that set it apart from the others.

1: English Cocker Spaniel Dog

The English Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular types of Spaniel breeds worldwide. You might have seen them in movies or cartoons, where they’re shown as great companions and excellent show dogs.

Spaniel breeds

These dogs come in different sizes. Show dogs are usually smaller than those used for work. Spaniels are known for their long, floppy ears, which can vary in length depending on whether they’re bred for show or work. Show dogs tend to have longer ears compared to working dogs.

Their fur is another distinctive feature. Show dogs have longer, more feathered coats compared to working dogs, which have shorter, finer fur. This is because breeders have focused on making show dogs meet certain standards. However, both types of Spaniels have fur that’s soft and silky to the touch.

2: American Cocker Spaniel Dog

There are two main types of Cocker Spaniel, the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel. The American Cocker Spaniel is sometimes called the Merry Cocker or just Cocker. It originated in the United States and is quite similar to its English ancestor.

Spaniel breeds

This breed is small to medium-sized and has been bred for guarding, hunting, and tracking. It first appeared in Wisconsin in the 1800s and is mainly found in the Upper Midwest. Its ancestors include the English Water Spaniel and the Irish Water Spaniel.

American Cocker Spaniels are typically 15 to 18 inches tall and weigh 25 to 45 pounds. Spaniel breeds brown fur and live for about 10 to 13 years.

3: Springer Spaniel Dog

Spaniel breeds

The Springer Spaniel, a hunting breed, is famed for its endurance, spending extensive hours in fields hunting with human companions. They’re not only proficient hunters but also cherished as affectionate and adorable house pets.

4: English Springer Spaniel Dog

Spaniel breeds

The English springer spaniel was created in the 1800s and comes from the UK. There are two types of English Springer Spaniels: one for work and one for show.

The work dogs have short, rough fur. The show dogs have longer, softer fur. These dogs are about 18-21 inches tall and weigh between 35 to 45 pounds on average. The ones bred for work are usually used for flushing out birds during hunts.

5: American Water Spaniel Dog

Spaniel breeds

The American Water Spaniel is a unique Spaniel breeds black and white that adores water. Though not very common, this medium-sized dog is great for flushing out game from water. They’re energetic yet affectionate pets.

Originally, they were bred from a mix of Irish and English Water Spaniels. Compared to some other breeds, they tend to be healthier and live around 10 to 14 years.

They’re quite active and love to stay busy. These dogs typically stand between 15 to 18 inches tall and weigh about 25 to 45 pounds.

6: German Spanie Dog

Spaniel breeds

The German Spaniel, also known as ‘Deutscher Wachtelhund’, got its name because it was once used for hunting quails, which is what “Wachtel” means in German. These dogs typically stand between 17 and 20 inches tall and weigh from 45 to 65 pounds. Originating in Germany, they usually live for 11 to 14 years.

German Spaniels are robust and sturdy creatures known for their strength and stamina. They’re often used as gun dogs due to their adaptability. Their thick, long brown coat with white patches is a distinctive feature. With their strong build and excellent sense of smell, they excel in tracking and investigation tasks. This breed consider as best Spaniel breeds Australia.

6: Field Spaniel Dog

Spaniel breeds

Field Spaniels are a kind of dog that can live for 18-20 years. They come from England. Long ago, people used them to fetch things like birds that were shot from both land and water. But now, most people keep Field Spaniels as pets or for shows.

7: Welsh springer spaniel Dog

The Welsh springer spaniel is a breed with an interesting history. It almost disappeared completely but was fortunately revived in the twentieth century. Nowadays, it’s known as a trial dog.

Spaniel breeds

Sometimes called the ‘Welsh Cocker Spaniel’, these dogs typically stand 16 to 18 inches tall and weigh around 35 to 40 lbs. They usually live for 12 to 15 years as household pets.

What sets them apart are their glossy coat with red-white stripes and their slightly tapered head, distinguishing them from other spaniel breeds. Their coat isn’t just good-looking; it’s also windproof, waterproof, and thornproof, making them highly adaptable. That’s why they’re great for various climates and terrains.

8:  Sussex Spaniel Dog

The Sussex spaniel comes from England and looks a lot like the Clumber Spaniel. It was first bred in the 18th century. These dogs grow to be about 12 to 14 inches tall and weigh around 35 to 45 pounds. They usually live for about 11 to 12 years and make great pets.

Spaniel breeds

Sussex Spaniels have a thick, wavy double coat that’s a beautiful golden, reddish-brown colour. They have a strong sense of smell, which makes them good for finding things in search and rescue missions.

People often call Sussex Spaniels “big” because they have strong bones and a deep chest. They’re playful and friendly dogs known for their cheerful personalities and big hazel eyes that show affection and happiness.

9; Clumber Spaniel Dog

Spaniel breeds

The Clumber spaniel is one of the calmest hunting breeds of spaniel dogs around today. Indoors, it’s known for being quiet and preferring to nap in a cozy spot rather than causing a fuss. Its strong body makes it great for hunting in places with lots of bushes and trees.

10: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog breed that’s deeply linked to British history. Originating in the United Kingdom, this breed embodies grace and majesty. They’re also known as the English toy spaniel or just toy spaniel.

Spaniel breeds

These dogs are small, typically reaching heights of 11 to 13 inches and weighing 13 to 17 lbs, living around 9 to 13 years. While they’re mostly indoor pets, they still show a keen interest in outdoor activities, possibly inherited from their spaniel ancestors.

Their defining features include large round eyes and a thick, silky coat, distinguishing them from other spaniel breeds. With their love for outdoor fun, they make great companions, especially for kids who enjoy playing and running around.

11: Boykin Spaniel Dog

The Boykin Spaniel, though classified as a medium-sized spaniel, has a strong and muscular appearance. Originating in South Carolina in the early 20th century, they were bred for turkey hunting. Despite their small size, they excel in retrieving and flushing and are skilled swimmers.

Spaniel breeds

They typically stand 13 to 16 inches tall and weigh 24 to 39 pounds, with a lifespan of 13 to 16 years. Known for their friendly, adventurous nature, they make great companions both at home and outdoors.

Their standout feature is their solid brown coat and long, floppy ears, setting them apart from other spaniels. Renowned for their prowess in the field and their charm as family pets, the Boykin Spaniel is loved by many.

Characteristics Of The Spaniel breed

Spaniel breeds have some distinctive characteristics that make them stand out from other dog breeds. Firstly, they’re typically Spaniel breeds small to medium-sized dogs with floppy ears that are longer than those of many different breeds. Their coat is fine, long, and wavy, especially covering their ears, legs, thighs, and tails.

Spaniels are known for being incredibly intelligent, obedient, loving, and charming. These qualities make them highly valued as pets and excellent companions for anyone looking for a loyal and affectionate friend.


Owning a Spaniel dog, can fill your home with joy and companionship. Coming home to their enthusiastic greetings after a long day brings warmth to even the quietest of spaces. The bond between a dog and its owner is incredibly rewarding.

They offer unconditional love, trust, and companionship, turning lonely hours into cherished moments. It’s no wonder dogs are often called ‘man’s best friend.’ Their unwavering love and affection remind us to love them back with the same devotion.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is The Largest Spaniel?

Clumber spaniels are the biggest spaniel breed.

Why Is It Named A Spaniel?

The Oxford English Dictionary describes the origin of the word spaniel as deriving from the Old French word espaigneul, which meant “Spanish”; this, in turn, evolved from the Latin Hispaniolus, which means “Spanish.”

Is The Spaniel A Smart Dog?

Cocker Spaniels are remarkably intelligent canines. The English Cocker Spaniel ranks 20th among dog breeds in terms of obedience and working intelligence. They are easy to train, so owners should have no issue teaching them new commands.


Spaniel Dog Breeds for Canine Lovers

Types of Spaniels

Spaniel breeds perfect for home

Aftab Tariq

I am a dedicated content writer with more than five years of experience, particularly skilled in the art of storytelling. My writing journey commenced during my college years, where I pursued journalism and unearthed my talent for creating captivating narratives. Protection Status